MISSED OPPORTUNITY FOR CHILDHOOD ROUTINE IMMUNIZATION IN BENIN CITY, EDO STATE, NIGERIA
The Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI) was created to scale up immunization of infants, but there have still been records of insufficient levels of immunization against childhood diseases in under-developed countries. Missed opportunity for vaccination is a strategy of achieving immunization coverage of at least 90% by reducing the process that facilitates it being missed and improving health service delivery in under-developed countries like Nigeria. The main objective of the study was to determine the level of missed opportunities in childhood routine immunization in Benin City, Edo State. A cross-sectional study design was utilized for this study in Primary Health Care facilities across the three Local Government areas in Benin city using a multistage sampling technique. The questionnaire was a pretested structured WHO tool, that was interviewer administered. Four hundred and seventy-seven of the children were aged 5 months or less, 20.5% of the children were in the age bracket aged 6-11 months, while only 5 children were aged 18-23 months (0.8%). The mean age of the children was 4.2 ± 3.5 months. The mean age of the male children was 4.4 ±3.5 months, while the mean age of the female was 3.9 ± 3.2 months. In conclusion, missed opportunity for vaccination in this study was high (16.1%) and this can lead to increase in vaccine preventable diseases.
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