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KNOWLEDGE OF MICROBIAL CONTAMINATION OF SPHYGMOMANOMETERS IN HEALTHCARE FACILITIES IN BENIN CITY

  • A. E. Okaekwu Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Practice, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
  • S. F. Usifoh Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Practice, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
  • U. F. Babaiwa Department of Pharmaceutical Microbiology, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
Keywords: Sphygmomanometers, blood pressure cuffs, Nosocomial infections, Healthcare Associated infections, Hospital acquired infections, Healthcare acquired infections, Healthcare acquired illness

Abstract

Nosocomial infections are infections that patients acquire while receiving treatment for other health conditions within a healthcare setting or facility. This study aims to determine the level of awareness of healthcare providers on the role sphygmomanometers play in the spread of nosocomial infections and to isolate microorganisms in sphygmomanometer cuffs used in healthcare facilities. A structured, self-administered questionnaire was designed and administered to healthcare practitioners of two tertiary hospitals and community pharmacies in Benin City. Microbial contamination of sphygmomanometer cuffs was investigated following the standard isolation and identification techniques for microorganisms. A total of 217 responded; 27.2% pharmacists, 33.2% doctors and 39.6% nurses. The majority (50.2%) were between the ages of 20 – 30 years. 65.4% were females and 51.6% were single. Ninety-four percent (94%) of the total respondents said that microorganisms are present in the inner cuffs of sphygmomanometers, 76% said microorganisms on the cuffs are sources of nosocomial infections while 80.6% said patients can be infected with the use of sphygmomanometers. A total of 192 swabbed samples were collected from 64 cuffs in the healthcare facilities, 46.5% were bacteria and 53.5% fungi. The most isolated organisms were candida species 42(21%), Staphylococcus aureus 41(20.5% of which 28(68.3%) were methicillin resistant.), Mucor 34(17%), Aspergillus species 23(11.5%). Ninety four percent (94%) of respondents had good knowledge that blood pressure cuffs play a role in the spread of nosocomial infections. The sphygmomanometer cuffs were contaminated with pathogenic microorganisms implicated in nosocomial infections.

Published
2021-12-13
How to Cite
Okaekwu, A. E., Usifoh, S. F., & Babaiwa, U. F. (2021). KNOWLEDGE OF MICROBIAL CONTAMINATION OF SPHYGMOMANOMETERS IN HEALTHCARE FACILITIES IN BENIN CITY. African Journal of Health, Safety and Environment, 2(2), 183 - 195. https://doi.org/10.52417/ajhse.v2i2.177